Queen Liliʻuokalani

1838 –

Queen Liliʻuokalani was born on September 2, 1838, in Honolulu, Hawaii, as Lydia Kamakaeha. She was proclaimed queen in 1891. The last monarch of Hawaii, her reign was short-lived due to a U. S. military-backed coup in 1893. After an unsuccessful attempt to restore Queen Liliʻuokalani to power, she was sentenced to five years in prison at hard labor, which later became imprisonment in a bedroom of Iolani Palace for eight months. A gifted songwriter, she wrote and composed over 160 songs, including “Aloha Oe (Farewell To Thee).” Liliʻuokalani continued to fight for a free Hawaii until her death on November 11, 1917.