D’Arcy McNickle

William D’Arcy McNickle, born on January 14, 1904, in St. Ignatius, Montana, was a novelist, short story writer, poet, anthropologist, and Indigenous rights activist. A member of the Salish Kootenai Nation, he is the author of multiple titles, including The Surrounded (Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1936) and Wind from an Enemy Sky (Harper and Row, 1978).

McNickle was affiliated with multiple Indigenous rights and culture organizations throughout his life, including the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), the National Congress of American Indians, and the Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library. He died on October 10, 1977.