Only three presidents—John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton, and Barack Obama—have had poets read at their inaugurations. These three presidents were known for their appreciation of reading and literature.

Read these inaugural poems again, and learn more about these poems and poets.

2013: Richard Blanco, "One Today"
Read an interview with Richard Blanco about writing the inaugural poem.

2009: Elizabeth Alexander, "Praise Song for the Day"

1997: Miller Williams, "Of History and Hope"
read more about miller williams

1993: Maya Angelou, "On the Pulse of Morning"
Listen to a tribute to Maya Angelou by Pulitzer Prize winner Gregory Pardlo.

1961: Robert Frost, "The Gift Outright"
read more about the poem