From the Beijing Spring of 1979 until the student uprisings of 1989, a new generation of poets flourished in China. Influenced by contemporary Western poets and modernist imagist techniques, the Misty poets challenged the Maoist artistic ideology of social realism. Their political protest and social commentary manifest itself largely through obscure and hermetic images and metaphors, a practice that resulted in the designation "Misty Poets." Their celebration of subjective experience and individuality ushered in a new era of artistic expression. The literary journal Jintian (Today) [1978-1980], founded by Bei Dao and Mang Ke, was a nexus around which the Misty poets congregated. Many of the Misty poets have been in exile since the massacre in Tiananman Square in 1989.
For further reading, try these anthologies: Out of the Howling Storm, edited by Tony Barnstone (Wesleyan University Press, 1993); A Splintered Mirror, translated by Donald Finkel (North Point Press, 1991); and Poems for the Millennium, edited by Jerome Rothenberg and Pierre Joris (University of California Press, 1995).